Basic Firearm Safety...
The Fundamental NRA Rules For Safe Gun Handling:
Safety is fundamental to all shooting activities. Whether you're practicing at the range, cleaning your gun in
your workshop, or defending your family from an attack, the rules of firearm safety always apply.
Safe gun handling involves the development of knowledge, skills and attitudes - knowledge of the gun safety
rules, the skill to apply these rules, and a safety-first attitude that arises from a sense of responsibility and a
knowledge of potential dangers.
Through there are many specific principles of safe firearm handling and operation, all are derived from just
three basic gun safety rules.
Fundamental Rules of Firearm Safety
Always Keep the Gun Pointed in a Safe Direction. This is the primary rule of gun
safety. A safe direction means that the gun is pointed so that even if it were to go off, it would
not cause injury or damage. The key to this rule is to control where the muzzle or front end of the barrel is
pointed at all times. Common sense dictates the safest direction, depending upon the circumstances. If
only this one safety rule were always followed, there would be no injuries or fatalities from accidental
Always Keep Your Finger Off the Trigger Until Ready to Shoot. Always Keep Your Finger Off the Trigger
Until Ready to Shoot. Your trigger finger should always be kept straight, alongside the frame and out of the
trigger guard, until you have made the decision to shoot.
When holding a gun, many people have a tendency to place their finger on the trigger, even when they are not
ready to shoot. This is an extremely dangerous practice. Many negligent discharges are caused when the
trigger of a loaded gun is inadvertently pressed by a finger carelessly left in the trigger guard instead of being
positioned straight along the side of the gun's frame.
Always keep your finger off the trigger until you are ready to shoot. The trigger finger
should be placed alongside the gun's frame.
Always Keep the Firearm Unloaded Until Ready to Use. A firearm that is not being
used should always be unloaded. For example, at the range, your firearm should be left unloaded while you
walk downrange and check your target. Similarly, a firearm that is being stored in a gun safe or lock box
should generally be unloaded (unless it is a personal protection firearm that may need to be accessed quickly for
As a general rule, whenever you pick up a gun, point it in a safe direction with your finger off the trigger,
engage the safety (if the gun is equipped with one), remove the magazine (if the gun is equipped with a removable
magazine), and then open the action and look into the chamber(s) to determine if the gun is loaded or not.
Unless the firearm is being kept in a state of readiness for personal protection, it should be unloaded. If
you do not know how to open the action or inspect the firearm, leave the gun alone and get help from someone who
does, and consult the owner's manual that came with the gun.
Always keep the firearm unloaded until you are ready to use it.
Rules For Using or Storing A Gun
Storing A Gun Safety
Child Find Gun
TREAT ALL GUNS AS LOADED